1 July 1944
German armour repeatedly attacks Rauray. 31 Panther tanks
and numerous SP guns are reportedly destroyed by the tanks
of 24th Lancers and 49th Division infantry with PIATs.
Remainder of Inns of Court regiment come ashore at Courselles
on June Beach
74 people killed when a VI lands on a block of flat in Chelsea,
2 July 1944
Panzer Lehr ordered to leave Tilly-sur-Seules and drive
across the Allied front to Carentan.
Brazilian Expeditionary Force joins the Allies in Italy.
3 July 1944
Algerian troops of the French Expeditionary Force capture
Minsk, captital of Byelorussia, recaptured by Soviet Red
Three United States Army Divisions commence the advance
south, aiming first for La Haye du Puits.
82nd Airborne Division capture Hill 131.
Four Halifax bombers from Tarrant Rushton drop men and supplies
to the French Resistance on behalf of Special Operations
4 July 1944
Battle of the Hedgerows commences; United States forces
advance towards St. Lo.
United States 83rd Division attacks south west of Carentan.
Start of Operation Windsor, the Canadian attack on Carpiquet.
6 July 1944
Field Marshal von Runstedt is sacked as Commander-in-Chief
West, accused by Hitler of a defeatist attitude.
United States forces complete capture of Saipan, Marianas
7 July 1944
Anglo-Canadian Operation Charnwood to capture Caen.
HMS Rodney engages German targets around Caen.
Generals Montgomery, Bradley and Patton meet at Monty's
field headquarters. The British General awards medals to
US personnel including General Maxwell D Taylor.
Field Marshal von Kluge appointed C-in-C West in place of
8 July 1944
3rd Infantry Division attacks German forces near Lebisey,
north of Caen.
B-29 Superfortress bombers, flying out of China, bomb industrial
centres in Japan.
9 July 1944
Panzer Lehr takes Pont-Herbert and resists an American
Allied troops enter the devastated ruins of Caen. Up to
2,000 French civilians lost their lives in Caen in the weeks
Carrier pigeons released by troops in Normandy bring messages
to RAF Hurn, near Bournemouth in seven hour flights.
10 July 1944
Operation Jupiter, the renewed fight for Hill 112.
Churchill tank of C Squadron, 7th Royal Tank Regiment (Corporal
Benny Sheldon), knocks out three Tigers on Hill 112.
11 July 1944
Panzer Lehr mounts a counter-attack on US troops in the
Air attacks destroy 20 of Panzer Lehr's tanks but the surviving
12 get through to the Vire Canal.
Tiger tanks of 503 Heavy Battalion attack British forces
Hill 112 temporarily captured by 43rd (Wessex) Division.
12 July 1944
Field Marshal Rommel states that German forces in Normandy
have lost 97,000 men and 225 armoured vehicles. Replacements
up to this date are only 10,000 men and 17 AFVs!
14 July 1944.
Bastille Day; armoured cars of 2nd Household Cavalry land
15 July 1944
Operation Greenline, the British assault on Hill 113.
Crocodiles of 141 RAC attack Le Bon Repos
15th (Scottish) Division take Esquay and Bougy.
16 July 1944
Overnight attack on Maltot by Crocodile flamethrowers.
17 July 1944
Rommel wounded when the RAF attack his car near Sainte-Foy-de-Montgomery
18 July 1944
Operation Goodwood, Anglo-Canadian actions east of Caen.
Elements of Panzer Regiment 21, caught in the aerial bombardment,
had heavy tanks blown completely upside down.
Lieutenant John Gorman, Irish Guards, rams a Tiger II with
Polish 2nd Corps captures the Italian city of Ancona.
19 July 1944
7th Armoured and Guards Armoured Divisions launch an attack
against the Bourguebus Ridge.
Operation Atlantic, Canadian operations south west of Caen
Canadians take Colombelles and Fauborg de Vaucelles
United States troops enter St Lo.
20 July 1944
6th Guards Tank Brigade land on Gold and Juno beaches.
Winston Churchill visits American troops at Cherbourg
Hitler bomb plot; the Fuhrer survives an assassination attempt
by Colonel Count Klaus von Stauffenberg
General Bradley's plan to launch Operation Cobra delayed
due to low cloud across Britain which prevents bombers from
21 July 1944
End of Op Goodwood in a period of torrential rain.
Start of Operation Spring, exploitation south and west of
22 July 1944
US Marines storm Guam.
Montgomery gives Churchill a brief guided tour of Caen and
a flight around the area in Monty's captured Fiesler Storch.
23 July 1944
General Heinz Guderian appointed new army Chief of Staff
25 July 1944
Operation Cobra is launched with a massive air attack.
500 fighter-bombers drop 200 tons of bombs followed by over
2,000 medium and heavy bombers resulting in the virtual
destruction of Panzer Lehr division.
26 July 1944
US troops capture Marigny.
28 July 1944
US forces advance to Coutances.
30 July 1944
Guards Armoured Division and 6th Guards Tank Brigade launch
the attack on Caumont.
Jagdpanthers of 654 heavy battalion attack Guards Tank Brigade
on Hill 226 and destroy eleven Churchills.
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